Functions of Strategic Management

Functions of Strategic Management-What are Strategic Management Functions-What are the Functions of Strategic Management

Strategic management at its best strikes a good mix between vision and pragmatism. Strategic management entails setting an organization’s course, steering it along that course, and reassessing and reorienting it as needed in response to changes in the business and its environment. Leadership that inspires all managers and employees to keep learning is at the heart of any successful strategic management plan. This article discusses in detail about functions of strategic management.

Strategic management is a core human endeavor, coordinating efforts in social organizations to achieve collective goals. With the increasing dependence on large organizations, the significance and complexity of managerial duties have grown. Managerial theory plays a crucial role in overseeing complex organizations. While some international managers have succeeded despite limited understanding of management theory, applying theory enhances professionalism and efficiency, aligning with personal and professional goals. Today’s managers must recognize their role in achieving objectives and motivate all employees, especially supervisors, to deliver their best.

Functions of Strategic Management

Once an overarching strategy has been established, strategic management should focus on drafting a set of quantifiable, attainable goals and disseminating them throughout the organization. Without more detail and quantification, the objective “to grow significantly over the next year” is meaningless. The company’s goal statement, “Grow by 20% over the next year by releasing two new products,” is very specific and informs employees about what they must do and how the company plans to achieve it. When the company fails to meet its strategic goals, top executives need to determine why they were not achieved and whether they need to change their approach. For your convenience, we have provided an overview of functions of strategic management with a brief explanation.

Organizational Unit Harmonization

In a well-managed company, no division or function can function autonomously. The planning process includes input from all relevant departments and companies. We evaluate and discuss all of our final decisions to make sure they are consistent with our company’s goals. This is expected of those in charge of strategic planning.

Long-Term Goal Formulation

The first step is to figure out what the organization is supposed to be doing, or its raison d’ĂȘtre. Planning for the company’s future expansion also falls under this category. Strategic management decides what has to be done and divides up the work across the right groups.

Preparation and Adjustment

In strategic management, strategic planning plays a vital role. So, this strategy works much like a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis for businesses. If the business isn’t growing quickly enough, then it’s part of your job to figure out why and figure out how to fix it. One of the functions of strategic management is to analyze and evaluate the internal and external environment of an organization.


Comparable to cost-benefit analysis, “controlling” involves monitoring and adjusting subordinates’ actions to maintain the desired outcome. It evaluates progress towards goals and plans, identifies roadblocks, and takes corrective measures to ensure the accomplishment of goals. Management comes first, but without prior planning, it’s unlikely that everything will go according to plan. Managers receive direction on how to allocate resources to meet predetermined goals through plans, and they use those plans to assess the success of actual implementation. When things don’t go as planned, it’s important to pinpoint who’s to blame and implement changes to boost productivity. Controlling the actions of its people allows regulation of what happens in a group.

Product-Market Identification

Competition is fierce in the corporate world. Companies, therefore, need to make sure their wares can hold their own in the marketplace. Strategic management helps companies find untapped niches in the market. Businesses could also use it to assess current offerings and marketplaces.


It forces executives to pick future steps from a menu of possibilities. A comprehensive plan includes everything from high-level goals and aspirations to specific steps to taken. Without a final decision and the incorporation of relevant parties and resources, a plan is useless. In other words, individuals make choices without considering a real strategy beforehand. Instead, there is just some sort of study, report, or recommendation for future planning. Strategic management functions involve setting clear objectives and defining the desired outcomes for the organization.

Strategic Brand Positioning

The company’s strong brand and market presence have made it well-known. Management strategy entails upholding and reinforcing a consistent brand course. This is achieved by making brand consistency a priority in both the plan and all company-wide actions.


Assigning responsibilities to members of an organization is a key aspect of management. Purposeful in the sense that only the most capable individuals perform the required duties. In truth, an organizational framework’s goal is to make it easier to establish a setting that’s good for people to work in. Managers have challenges while seeking to create an organizational structure that is suitable for the circumstances. For instance, organizations face challenges in identifying what needs to be done and determining who can do it. Organizations engage in staffing to fill vacancies that require filling.

Future Company Planning

An organization’s vision and mission statement provide the rationale for its existence. Vision and purpose are not empty platitudes in the realm of strategic management. However, organizations can create processes that must be followed to realize their goals. Strategic management functions also include adjusting strategies and plans based on changing internal and external factors.

Market and Product Analysis

To stay ahead of the competition and increase market share, businesses need a steady stream of fresh ideas. The company’s strategic management constantly scouts out new markets and places. It also includes deciding whether or not to keep producing and selling in the current market.


Why is it Crucial to have a Plan?

Through strategic planning, we can define the nature of our business, the causes it supports, and the ideals it embodies. It aids in our comprehension of the requirements for achievement. It’s like a road map, except for our company. It shows where we want to go and where we can stop along the road.

What is the Nature of Strategic Management?

Vision setting, goal making, strategy creation, strategy implementation, and strategy adjustment as business needs change are all components of strategic management. Strategic management has developed during the course of the year.

What is the Definition of Strategic Management, for Example?

Establishing business goals, assessing the actions of rivals, reviewing the organizational structure, assessing the efficacy of existing strategies, and overseeing their company-wide implementation are all components of strategic management. Management strategies can either be prescriptive or descriptive.


Analyzing the company’s competitive standing across five globalization dimensions, such as major market participation, product standardization, activity specialization, uniform market positioning, integrated competitive strategy, and the organization’s capacity to implement the various components of global strategies, helps determine the optimal globalization strategy. We hope this guide, in which we discussed functions of strategic management, was informative and beneficial for you. For an in-depth analysis of the importance of strategic management, read more and gain valuable insights from it.

Scroll to Top