Components of Strategic Management

Components of Strategic Management-What are Strategic Management Components-What are the Components of Strategic Management

The goals and scope of a corporation are reflected in its strategy, which is developed by the organization’s top executives. Managers must make decisions about which courses of action to pursue, which markets to focus on, how to stay ahead of the competition, and which business tactics to employ in order to realize the company’s goals. In a nutshell, that’s the plan of action for the manager. Decisions on a company’s future and how it should position itself to capitalize on future market opportunities should ideally involve matching the company’s resources with a changing environment. This article discusses in detail about components of strategic management.

Strategic management is the process by which a company’s upper management determines and pursues its most important long-term goals and objectives in light of an assessment of the external and internal business environments and the company’s resources, with the ultimate goal of maintaining or increasing the company’s position as a market leader. The strategic planning process, which culminates in a strategic planning report, is the most important part of the strategic planning puzzle. Implementing the most effective methods of leadership, as well as conducting benchmark analyses and reallocating human and financial resources, are all part of the strategy. To ensure goals are realized, strategic management also entails a sufficient amount of communication, feedback, and oversight.

Components of Strategic Management

Each of the three pillars of strategic management needs to stay in constant contact with one another to achieve the company’s goals. Effective communication is crucial for the success of any company venture. It is important that this form of communication allows for input from all parties involved. This includes not only internal staff but also strategic external partners. Based on feedback from customers, suppliers, industry leaders, and even elected officials, you can modify the planned strategy. Their input is necessary under these conditions. For your research and knowledge purposes, below is a list of components of strategic management.

Environmental Assessment

A company can be influenced by both internal and external forces. It may be easier to start by identifying internal variables because managers usually know what’s going on within their own firms. For instance, if your organization has a high turnover rate, management needs to figure out why and fix it. Sales, labor costs, and margins of profit are all examples of internal variables.

First Steps

Identifying and understanding the organization’s specific goals is the most important part of strategic management. In order to succeed in the long run, it’s important to first establish a solid foundation by setting achievable short-term goals. At this point, it’s important to differentiate between individual and team duties. The process gives everyone in the company a meaningful, long-term goal to work toward.

Formulation of a Strategy

Following the completion of research and the establishment of goals or objectives, the next step is to develop a strategy. It specifies what needs to be done to realize the goals. Since the success of a strategy hinges on its construction, this is the trickiest part of strategic management. Allocation of resources is also covered in detail at each stage of operation. Therefore, the components of strategic management provide a framework for organizations to effectively plan and execute their long-term goals.

Executing a Strategy

You now have a record of the strategy in writing. Making it friendly to users is the next step. In terms of strategic management, this is the most stringent and rigid requirement. Everything you saw becoming an activity or habit ultimately helps you reach your goals.

Strategy Development

The gathered facts and data are used to develop an original strategy that caters to the specific needs and goals of the firm. Depending on how many workers it has, a corporation may or may not make certain asset purchases or hire certain expertise. Knowing the limits of your tools is crucial in strategic management.

Strategy Creation and Execution

Scanning one’s surrounding environment can yield a lot of data. Strategic managers collect and analyze relevant data to create an actionable strategy for the entire firm. After doing a SWOT analysis, a strategic manager can then develop strategies that make the most of the opportunities and strengths they’ve found. The best options will also work to mitigate the negative effects of the company’s flaws and hazards. Strategic analysis is a critical components of strategic management that involves evaluating internal and external factors to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

Establishing Objectives

“Goal setting is the first step in moving from the invisible to the visible,” says American businessman and life coach Tony Robbins. If a company does not have clear goals, it will be difficult to plan for the future. In this part, we’ll talk about the importance of both short-term and long-term objectives. These goals should be SMART, which stands for “specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and timely.”

Implementing the Plan

The other half of the job is doing what you plan to do. At this stage, it’s crucial that everyone on the team is on the same page with the organization’s goal and the plan.


We are now monitoring, analyzing, and assessing all stages of the strategic management plan. You should evaluate your desired results in light of what you have already learned and done. Similarly, a revised strategy should account for new realities. Leadership and organizational culture play a significant role as components of strategic management, influencing the overall strategic direction, decision-making, and organizational behavior.


To develop a successful strategic management module, you need to conduct a comprehensive market analysis now more than ever. The productivity plan, developed with input from both inside and outside the firm, forms the cornerstone of strategic management. This strategy enables the isolation and rectification of internal problems that have had a chilling effect on business operations.


How Many Elements Form the Strategic Management Process?

The three basic components of strategic management are analysis of the environment, plan formulation and implementation, and evaluation of the plan’s effectiveness.

What are the Challenges of Implementing a Strategy?

The implementation stage of strategic management is often the most difficult. This is due to the fuzziness around the implementation process. Confusion and ambiguity arise from an inadequately stated implementation process, making it difficult, if not impossible, to put a plan into effect.

Why does Strategic Management Even Exist?

Overall guidance is provided by strategic management, which creates plans and policies to reach goals and allocates resources to put them into action. In conclusion, organizations can improve their position in the market through strategic management.


Every company needs to do its part to create a lasting competitive advantage within the framework of generic and grant strategies. Plans that are purely functional are short-term and narrow in focus. Successful ideas are almost always imitated by rivals. Therefore, it is important to create sustainable competitive advantages. The strategy’s final goal is to put the company in a market position where it can outperform its rivals financially and stay there for the long haul. We truly hope you enjoyed this lesson on components of strategic management and learned something new. To gain insights on risk of strategic management, read this article.

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