Change Management Models

Change Management Models-Fundamental Models for Change Management Types-Top Proven Change Management Models

There should be a change management plan in place regardless of how long an employee has been with the company. These examples might be useful for helping new hires adjust to their organizations’ norms, policies, and practices. They aid long-term employees in adapting to internal tool and procedure changes. The purpose of change management model frameworks is to facilitate the transition from the old to the new. Using this approach, the modifications will eventually become ingrained in the culture of the business. In this post, we’ll examine the change management models and grab extensive knowledge on the topics.

When it’s clear that a change is necessary, you need to figure out how to make that change with the least amount of disruption to your firm as possible. Waiting around to see what happens is a dangerous gamble. Unfortunately, many attempts to alter anything usually end in failure. You may improve your odds of success, though, by studying existing models of successful change management. Now is the time to implement change management strategies. In order to help firms effectively plan and implement change, several have turned to change management models. Let’s take a look at an established, tried, and true method for handling organizational change. Read more and gain valuable insights from this in-depth analysis of the objectives of change management.

Change Management Models

Organizations can better manage change-related initiatives by learning about the many change management models available. You can improve your organization’s approach to managing change by adopting one or more of the aforementioned models. Initiatives to effect change are often huge, complex, and pricey. As Breitbach puts it, “You want to make sure that whatever you’re investing in, whichever change it is, sticks.” An efficient change management approach allows you to analyze each step required to win over employees and other stakeholders. Also, rather than starting from scratch every time, it’s far easier to set up a change management procedure that can be used to any and all future changes. The change management models include:

Transitional Kubler-ross Stages

Effective in small, interactive settings, often paired with other change management methods. Therapist Elisabeth Kubler-Ross devised these five stages based on the observation that people’s emotions are dynamic and responsive to external stimuli, aiding in management by understanding how transition impacts emotions. Most people go through these phases when confronted with change, experiencing them in different orders or cycles. Managers and HR leaders must be ready to address these processes, being approachable, attending to employees’ concerns, and understanding their needs during this time. Empathizing with employees and explaining the changes is valuable. As a leader, being honest about your feelings regarding transitions promotes an atmosphere of trust and openness, fostering uninhibited conversations among workers.

The Kübler-Ross Change Curve depicts how people feel and respond to change. It discusses employees’ motivation and performance during the change management process based on their emotional reactions to the change. Shock is at the beginning of the curve, followed by denial, anger, and finally grief. However, it starts to climb again throughout the experiment and decision stages and then surges past its original value during the integration phase.

The Change Model of Adkar

ADKAR is a best-practices based change methodology that provides a “helpful framework for discussing change.” It identifies the reasons why people are resistant to change and strives to incorporate change into the organization’s project management processes. Although the ADKAR model was developed with commercial goals in mind, it has proven to be a valuable resource for helping individuals adapt to new circumstances.

When compared to other methods of change management, the ADKAR model stands out for its emphasis on personal growth rather than institutional shifts. The key idea is that people must alter their own behavior before a group may alter its own. The name of this paradigm is an acronym for the five steps—awareness, desire, knowledge, capacity, and reinforcement—that are essential for a person to be willing and able to change. Together, they promote sustainable change, first at the level of the individual worker and later at that of the entire company. Change management models are structured frameworks designed to guide organizations through the process of change.

Model for Transitional Bridges

The Bridges Transition Model is a people-centered framework for handling change, much like the Kubler-Ross model. The ability of employees to let go of the past and embrace the future is fundamental to successful change management, according to this view. As a result, it pays less attention to substantive shifts. When it comes to helping workers through significant changes, the Bridges Transition Model is the gold standard. In fact, the end of anything is the starting point of the first stage of the transition paradigm. Workers often have the most trouble. Workers need to know why the shift is happening and how it will improve their lives. Because if you don’t respect their feelings, they might turn down the improvements.

Workers adjust to the new norm and learn the ropes during this period. It’s important to get the message out quickly and effectively when issues arise so that people don’t get confused or frustrated. Acceptance is the last stage of change. Workers comprehend the significance of the alterations and the rationale for them. To show that the efforts of the staff were not in vain, it is important to highlight the positive outcomes of the modifications.

Theorie Du Nudge

The nudge idea is more of an approach to altering people’s mindsets than a set of specific guidelines. The nudge hypothesis seeks to find a way to get employees to voluntarily make changes rather than having upper management demand compliance. To do this, put yourself in the shoes of your workers, frame the proposed change in terms of how it would improve their lives, present it as a suggestion rather than a mandate, and ask for their input at every stage.

Employees are less likely to be resistant to change when they are able to see the value in it and have input into its implementation, as is possible thanks to the Nudge theory. It acts as a parent would with a kid, steering workers in the direction of the choices that upper management wants to see made. This change management approach is fantastic since it seeks to win over your staff and make them feel like they had a say in the decision and execution of the change. Nudge theory is most useful when used in conjunction with another framework.

The premise of the Nudge Theory paradigm shift is that individuals can be encouraged to make positive changes without feeling pressured. Like a parent guiding a youngster in the right direction, it uses a common cognitive bias to persuade workers that a change is necessary. By including them in the transition, this technique hopes to win over the full support of the organization’s workforce.

Kaizen Method for Leading Change

Kaizen, which literally means “good change,” is a popular approach to managing transformation that holds that changes should be ongoing rather than episodic. The Kaizen tenet states that numerous minor improvements are more beneficial than a few major ones. Change management models serve as roadmaps, helping leaders identify potential challenges and create effective strategies.

Management by Adaptation

The LaMarsh change management model recommends that people be cautious when introducing novel practices. Those most impacted by the changes are part of the “people” category. In the change management process, stakeholders should discuss the risks of adopting and executing change early on. Studies have shown that it helps with changes across the board in a company. To make the LaMarsh model useful, one must intentionally make tweaks. It highlights where the shift is most likely to have an effect. It also guarantees that everyone involved knows what they’re working toward. And the method through which they will be executed.

The Pdsa Loop

The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) Cycle is a time-tested strategy for enhancing and growing your company. In the beginning, there was the idea of the cycle, which was developed by Walter Shewhart and Edward W. Deming. The Deming Cycle, often called the Deming Wheel, is the name for this process. The circle is a great tool for development and progress. Your change management plan might have as few or as many parts as you choose. However, a more intricate framework is required to effect substantial collective transformation. This method compares actual results to predicted outcomes. This simple four-step procedure can be repeated as many times as necessary to reach the desired outcome.

Model of Satir’s Change

The Satir Change Model is more outcome-oriented but has similarities to the Kübler-Ross Change Curve. While it has its origins in family therapy, it has now been adapted by businesses for use in bringing about cultural shifts inside their operations. Its goal is to help people accept and adapt to change. This strategy rests on the notion that things will improve eventually, although gradually and perhaps even deteriorating slightly first. Change management models like the Bridges’ Transition Model focus on managing the emotional and psychological aspects of change during transitions.

Lewin’s Organizational Change Model

In order for those impacted by the change to fully grasp its necessity, you must first “unfreeze” your current process and think about how it could be improved. The next step is to put your plans into action and support your personnel as they adjust. You must confirm or re-freeze the new status quo once modifications have been deployed and fine-tuned based on employee feedback.

This in no way suggests that the shift will happen soon. Lewin’s model commonly elongates the “change” phase to effectively break down barriers and provide employees with the necessary training. Use this method when you have the backing of upper management and need to roll out changes across the whole team or organization.

Theories of Kotter

After studying the processes of transformation in more than a hundred firms, John Kotter developed the Kotter 8-step change paradigm. Kotter advocates a change management style that prioritizes trust, openness, and collaboration among employees who may resist the organizational shifts. This approach emphasizes clear goals, inclusive participation, and group adjustments.

Fisher’s Change Management Framework

John M. Fisher’s change management approach analyzes the progression through several phases experienced by both individuals and organizations. Managers can help workers adjust to change by assessing where individuals are in the transition process. The manager can help an employee reach the next level by providing them with the resources they need to do so. In time, the worker will come to accept and even welcome the inevitable shift. Individual responses and coping mechanisms are taken into account in the Fisher model of transformation. It delves into human transformation, or the “Personal Transition Curve,” which sheds light on how workers’ perspectives shift during organizational shifts.

An employee going through a change may go through a roller coaster of feelings, from dread and worry to wrath and guilt to antagonism and acceptance. Although some workers may feel this way, not everyone may react in the same way. The best part about this idea is that it values each person for who they are as an individual. Therefore, organizations that can afford to and take the time to meet with employees one-on-one during periods of transition can benefit from this practice. Change management models help leaders develop a comprehensive plan, communicate effectively, and engage stakeholders throughout the change process.

The 7-s Model of Mckinsey

This change management model is more complicated to grasp than others. It’s still beneficial for rolling out changes to a wide swath of employees and the company as a whole. The seven parts of this strategy work together to pinpoint problem areas and implement solutions. These seven elements make up McKinsey’s 7S change management approach.

The first three elements—strategy, structure, and systems—are easily identified and altered, hence known as “hard” elements. Strategies for competitiveness, organizational charts, and work processes are crucial in any business. On the other hand, the remaining four “soft” aspects depend on the company’s culture and are more challenging to articulate. Beliefs, culture, employee skills, and management style are more malleable and subject to change. To achieve harmony, careful examination of their mutual effects and interactions is necessary. The McKinsey 7-S model is helpful when something is wrong with your company, but you are unsure how to repair it. Once you identify the needed changes, the seven criteria will help you maintain balance. This technique can spot hypocrisy, like a business valuing families but lacking paternity leave. To address this, you may consider hiring more qualified workers to cover for fathers on paternity leave.


How can i Decide on a Particular Model of Transformation?

To fully grasp how the new procedures will impact your staff, it is important to view the changes through their eyes. You need a change management strategy that encourages and helps your employees take on new roles and learn new skills.

What are the Effects of Change Management on a Company?

Implementing changes requires careful planning, which is what change management is all about. As a result, staff members will be able to share information more easily and arrive at more sound conclusions. Simplifying a process also makes it easier to make choices.

What are Shared Characteristics in Change Management Models?

An organization can benefit greatly from the ideas, theories, and practices that make up a transformation management paradigm. They hope it will serve as a road map for introducing new ideas, guiding the transformation process, and ensuring that those new ideas are adopted and put into practice.


According to Gartner, only 34% of change initiatives are clear successes, while 50% of change attempts fail. Over the past three years, the average organization has implemented five significant, company-wide adjustments. More than 75% of organizations plan to implement more than five significant changes within the next three years. The change management models has a strong role to play in the whole process which you should be aware of it while conducting various business activities.

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